Everyone knows about the rolled R in the Spanish language, but unless you're a fluent speaker, you might not have noticed that it's heavily rolled at the beginning of a word, but barely rolled at all in the middle. And in an alphabetical list, in which order do the words ĉiu, chiu, and cxiu fall? For a while proponents of the new economics of networks pointed to what seemed to be a compelling example of the problem--the QWERTY keyboard. However, unlike all other languages, the Esperanto language does not have its own country, nor does it have its own people.What it has instead is a community. To some network theorists, these arguments justify government involvement in the software industry. Is French Hard to Learn? Because Esperanto uses a simple case system which marks subjects and objects with nominative and accusative case markers respectively, subjects, objects and verbs can be put in any order (though subject-verb-object is the default order). There are estimated to be more than 2,000 Esperanto speakers in the UK and anything between 500,000 and two million worldwide. In a network the benefit one person gets from using some good--in this case, English--depends on the number of other people using it. And this problem is duplicated in the answering words: Tio, Tia, Tie, Tiu, etc. This plenitude of consonants led to a problem with the orthography. First, because the grammar has been cleansed of irregularities. You should never find yourself talking to someone who doesn't anunciate clearly, or who has an accent, wondering if he asked you "when are you going" or "where are you going", right? Why Esperanto is Fun. Why Esperanto Failed (Quick Read) – The Coming of a Surprising Blog. It uses suffixes instead of word order to indicate subject and object. All I hear is KEE-something. 16:34, 26 February 2010 (UTC) Grammatical constructs can be invented and accepted and included into the language. 7. In most cases, economists are defenders of unfettered markets. An Esperanto translation of the Qur'an was published by the state shortly thereafter. It starts off by the intended purpose of E. and by raising the issue whether E. fulfills the purpose. N. Gregory Mankiw is an economics professor at Harvard and the author of Principles of Economics. 188.8.131.52 21:04, 15 December 2009 (UTC) It doesn't. How else can we explain why the Japanese keep speaking Japanese when less complicated languages are available, or why we aren't all speaking Esperanto--the "ideal" language that was supposed to become the world language? If I ask you "what? Esperanto is widely spoken for a constructed language, but in comparison to something like Spanish, it’s not as useful day-to-day, as you won’t run into as many people who speak it. Why throw in an unnecessary case system? First, let me be clear about my intent. And yet they, too, are all easy to tell apart: кто (kto), что (shto), когда (kogda), кем (kem), как (kak), где (gde), куда (kuda), какой (kakoy), чем (chem), кого (kavo), and so on. Other studies have shown that the QWERTY design is actually not so bad. If you want to ask a question about Esperanto please do so in the question thread stickied at the top of the sub, otherwise it will be removed. There are those who will argue that Esperanto is a living language, but they base that on the fact that new words are added regularly, and that doesn't make it a living language. Esperantists hate hearing that, because they too are “ones that hope”. In English, those words all sound different. Esperanto is not allowed to fracture, and shift, and become regional, 10 Reasons Spanish Is The Best Language To Learn, Get updated on the highest quality language learning resources, Find out not only what I use, but how I use it, Get regular updates on my language missions. having undesirable or negative qualities; "a bad report card"; "his sloppy appearance made a bad impression"; "a bad little boy"; "clothes in bad shape"; "a bad cut"; "bad luck"; "the news was very bad"; "the reviews were bad"; "the pay is bad"; "it was a bad light for reading"; "the movie was a bad choice" In spite of the fact that they all start with the same sound, there's no risk of confusion unless you're talking to a drunken redneck with a hotdog in his mouth. This, theorists argued, was a network-driven market failure: People still type on this inefficient keyboard just because that's what everybody else does. That is, native English speakers will try to form sentences using gerunds and participles, and native speakers of other languages will be completely lost. Esperanto has no country or geographical ties to an ancestral homeland. You can't, because it's not really there. Commonality with internationalist solidarity, linguistic equality, anti-war/ pacifism, anti-nationalism and other themes are/ were the primary motivations for left leaning activists to learn Esperanto. And I've occasionally seen other non-standard digraphs used as well. But stupid questions can contain the seeds of great insights. If different people spoke different dialects of Esperanto, it's would no longer be a universal language. As native speakers say things at a quick, conversational pace, certain shortcuts develop and catch on and eventually become standard. N. Gregory Mankiw. Esperanto has rules, like all languages, but there’s a crucial difference: because it’s a constructed language, there are no exceptions to the rules. Who. I have been wondering lately why I should teach my newborn son English. Unfortunately, dialects and fracturing would be the death of Esperanto. It's one of the easiest languages to learn! Question words are among the most important words in a language. There are a couple of main reasons people learn Esperanto. That is, native English speakers will try to form sentences using gerunds and participles, and native speakers of other languages will be completely lost. Or will any attempt to do so be overrun by ignorance, hubris, and politics as usual? First, because the grammar has been cleansed of irregularities. Why should Esperanto be easier to learn? Esperanto is a constructed auxiliary language.Its creator was L. L. Zamenhof, a Polish eye doctor.He created the language to make international communication easier. It Makes Sense Esperanto has 16 regular and exception-free rules of grammar and a regular phonetic spelling. Is it possible, given the subtlety of the theory and the ambiguity of the evidence, that government policymakers will apply these ideas in a way that improves society as a whole? Speakers of various languages develop certain ways of dealing with the conditions of awkward sounds. Obviously, any concerns or desires for Esperanto to become a dominate second language are gonna remain strictly hypothetical. Where. There actually are two known methods for expressing some form of verb aspect, but neither is official nor required by the language, and using and understanding them necessitates familiarity with the Slavic influeces from which they are taken. Want to see my favorite resources for learning languages? Esperanto has 900 standard roots, which is a step in the right direction, but still about 3 times more than what I'd say is essential. And quite hard to hear at all after a T or a B. The answer is that everyone learns English because everyone else learns it. The number of Esperanto speakers is sufficient to support an impressive array of congresses and other international meetings. Thus, Esperanto uses diacritical marks on consonant letters. If they were to lose this multi-cultural background, languages that were ranked as a … Which then leads us to the problem of: if you're going to use digraphs, why have the special characters at all? But I know that some of you cultured folks prefer the written word, so let me explain it here as well. Why learn Esperanto? Esperanto is not perfectly international but I think it's as good as can be while still be easy to learn. Well, most people want the result of knowing another language, but are unwilling or unable to put up with the slog through grammatical rules and vocabulary lists to get there. A question is, of course, if it would be actually a bad thing if Esperanto would ever evolve into dialects. That's not a good enough reason. Why throw in an unnecessary case system? And it's actually become far more popular than any other constructed language in history. They need to be clear and easily distinguished. What. These are details that would normally work themselves out over long periods of time through the natural process of language evolution. ", you shouldn't answer a "who?" Spiegel & Grau, 2009. But that is exactly the problem with Esperanto: not only did that natural evolution never happen in the creation of this language, but worse, it's not allowed to happen on its own, because changes to the language would defeat the whole purpose and point of having it. Esperanto is a constructed language, what some people might call an “artificial language” or “man-made language”. There is nothing to be gained from merely prejudiced attacks. They dream of being the pioneers of the coming Esperanto revolution. In the Land of Invented Languages by Akira Okrent. This answer now seems like it has two reasons, but in my mind, they go together: it is beautiful as any other language, but that still doesn't explain why Esperanto specifically. Why I Chose Esperanto And Why Learning A Constructed Language Isn't Bad - Duration: 9:32. Summary: Today I'm going to put aside my biases and bring attention to a few specific details of Esperanto which give me an unfavorable opinion of it as a language. Just give me a bit of time. Plus some of countries where it is strongest don't have indo … No. Despite the availability of superior designs, and the fact that jamming keys is no longer an issue, QWERTY remains the standard. Ido has the international prefix des- (similar to English dis- as in 'disappear'). Rursus dixit. The initial hope of Zamenhof, and indeed of most people in the auxiliary language movement, was that the global language would be imposed top-down, by a committee of wise people. This debate over networks, keyboards, and market failure might seem like arcana only economists can love, but it is having a profound influence over public policy. Everyone I know speaks English, but would Peter be better off learning a more sensible, mellifluous language, like maybe Italian? You tell me. Imagine how much difficulty that adds just to lexical parsing, nevermind the web searches, and other such problems. But dialects are the only way that a language can evolve and develop the characteristics which allow people to express themselves comfortably and clearly, and with the nuance and subtlety available in any other language! This is a very basic concept that exists in all languages I have experience with. 9:32. As is so often the case here: there are some good answers (Vote #1 Andreu Massana’s answer; Vote #2 or #3 Laurie Chilvers’ answer), there are some bad answers, and this is my answer.. Yet even these theorists are unsure what the government should do. So everyone defaults back to the simple past. I think it is an enjoyable quick read about why Esperanto failed. The grammars of Classical Latin or Ancient Greek ha… Want to see my favorite language resources and courses? (m bork 3!) It is, I admit, a stupid question. But Spanish has the same stress rules as Esperanto, with the penultimate syllable getting the stress. It is, I admit, a stupid question. Why does the Criticism of Esperanto article start off with why one should learn Esperanto? Why does the Criticism of Esperanto article start off with why one should learn Esperanto? Esperanto is a hobby language. Of course the creator of the language recognized this difficulty, and created a series of digraphs for representing these sounds: cx, gx, hx, jx, sx, and ux. When. People left to their own devices, we argue, will typically achieve an outcome that is good for society as a whole--the vaunted invisible hand. Why We Don't Speak Esperanto. A living language is allowed to change over time, but Esperanto is only allowed to grow, not to change. Esperanto is a gateway to different cultures, which makes your life easier learning other languages. A frequent claim is that computer operating systems are like languages: Once a standard becomes dominant, it is practically impossible for anyone to consider an alternative, even a better one. Seabolt TV 2,041 views. That being said, 3 means that it is used as a vehicle essentially for various groups and cultures to communicate with. Esperanto has a great community around the world in some kind of diaspora, so has its own culture, books, podcasts, music, and a very interesting social group to meet. Why should Esperanto be easier to learn? 6. And Zamenhoff would have done well to consider that. Without doubt the most common and sensible reason why myself and so many others are turned off Esperanto is that it has no authentic culture. Seabolt TV 1,901 views. And they're certainly not indexed the same in any databases, which means you often have to query several different spellings to find a definition for an Esperanto word. Parents deciding what language to teach their children, for instance, don't really have much choice. The Esperanto language is a language (almost) like any other. Yet the language has been criticised ever since it firstappeared. question, right? It was invented to be easy, and it is. It starts off by the intended purpose of E. and by raising the issue whether E. fulfills the purpose. Esperanto’s Creator’s Nickname Was Doktoro Esperanto. The accusative case has a bad reputation of being hard to learn in German, Russian, and other languages, where you have several dozens of endings and changes to memorise, on top of the other cases that require yet more changes. How this happens and how the government might lend a helping hand in the process remain open issues. It uses suffixes instead of word order to indicate subject and object. In this respect, language is a perfect example of what economic theorists call a network. Esperanto, however, knows only the accusative case, and memorizing how to use it is a breeze. This is a huge comprehension problem. A language has to be allowed to evolve with the needs of its speakers, or else it's nothing more than a relic — a cute, trite, literary oddity. Many of its faults are clearly due to its method of creationand the prevailing attitudes of the time, in particular the latenineteenth-century "mechanistic" belief that all human language couldbe fitted into a fully logical and rational framework - "a sort ofvoiced Dewey Decimal System", as Mark Rosenfelder succinctly puts itin his analysis of the twentieth century - www.zompist.com/predic.htm. On /r/Esperanto, feel free to ask questions, post relevant links, and start discussions in or about Esperanto. 6. But contained in English, for non-native speakers, is an undeniably bad implication. In spite of a huge number of words, mostly starting with the same sound, they are all easy to distinguish. 3 is a bit of a tricky situation, because it's not part of the hierarchy. If Australia spoke Esperanto, the language barriers wouldn't be that bad, ESPECIALLY FOR ASIANS. If one person writes cxiu and another person writes ĉiu, they are not the same. Moreover, networks do manage to evolve on their own--witness the changeover from LPs to cassettes to CDs. bad translation in English-Esperanto dictionary. And on the topic of Russian, there is that whole vowel reduction thing, where а and о sound different depending on where the stress falls in a word. There are estimated to be more than 2,000 Esperanto speakers in the UK and anything between 500,000 and two million worldwide. Esperanto is a widely spoken universal language. I went to the store is different from I was going to the store, and different from I had been going to the store, but in Esperanto, they're all said with the same simple past tense. Esperanto is not allowed to fracture, and shift, and become regional. This was a short blog post that I spontaneously decided to create! Further, none of this does a good job of differentiating perfective and imperfective action. But today I'm going to put aside those biases and bring attention to a few specific details of Esperanto which give me an unfavorable opinion of it as a language. I use Esperanto before 30 years and I can tell you that all your points against Esperanto is the result of bad information. Having studied Esperanto off and on for 20 years, I’m glad for the occasional chance to show off. But there's more to it. Esperanto is widely spoken for a constructed language, but in comparison to something like Spanish, it’s not as useful day-to-day, as you won’t run into as many people who speak it. There are a couple of main reasons people learn Esperanto. The word base of Esperanto was originally defined in Unua Libro ("First Book"), published by L. L. Zamenhof in 1887. The bad. Why. Associating a language with a culture An interesting comment on Guardian article above highlights one reason people are more keen to learn less formal ConLangs over more established ones: In English, we're accustomed to a lot of this. Rather than sticking to the formula, a number of people have taken it upon themselves to write ch, gh, js, and sh for the ĉ, ĝ, ĵ, and ŝ characters. In this blog, you will discover a bunch of proven tips on how to crack the language-learning game! Copyright © 2021 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Esperanto?! A question is, of course, if it would be actually a bad thing if Esperanto would ever evolve into dialects. (m bork 3!) Since I am familiar with both Latin and French I am able to read texts in other Romanic languages – to a certain degrees. Yet when economic historians examined the case more closely, this story turned out to be less fact than fiction. So why learn it at all? No objective discussion would be complete without discussing also the negatives. Esperanto has 900 standard roots, which is a step in the right direction, but still about 3 times more than what I'd say is essential. But why Esperanto? Unlike natural languages, you don’t learn Esperanto because you’re fascinated by a country, people group or location. So why learn it at all? The Russian language famously stacks up three or four consonants on top of each other every chance it gets, but if you listen to a Russian speak, you quickly realize that they only ever pronounce one, or maybe two, of those consonants. In Australia, language barriers for English exists cause English is a bulls*** language. Networks fascinate economic theorists because they don't fit neatly into the standard model of how markets work. The prefix mal- in Esperanto is particularly inopportune because in several languages 'mal' means 'bad' or 'wrong' (as in English 'malformed', 'malodorous' etc). While the digraphs may have seemed like a good solution in 1903, it's a horrible solution in 2010, because we now have online databases and search engines and cached repositories of words spelled in a variety of different ways. This difference makes translating things into or from Esperanto like solving a puzzle. Here we examine a few reasons why the more unlikely ConLangs are booming in a sphere when Esperanto could be expected to flourish. I don’t think so, as long as there will be a certain core that provides some degree of understandibility. When it was created, Esperanto was intended to become everyone's second language, to bring equality to international communications. But in Esperanto, all the question words are two-syllable words, and the stressed syllable is the same in every word! Esperanto, Here, is a 3. Many academics who have written about the theory of networks have worked for the Justice Department and other federal agencies. 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