These anti-Spartan parties become aggressive around this time. (London, 1983) pp. The premise that started the Corinthian War was a plan crafted by Ismenias. This solid base of support, however, was soon fragmented in the years following the war. The treatment of Spartan Allies after the Peloponnesian war and as well as a fear of a overseas Spartan Empire. Despite the collaborative nature of the victory, Sparta alone received the plunder taken from the defeated states and the tribute payments from the former Ath… The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of Thebes, Athens, Corinth and Argos, backed by the Achaemenid Empire. Persia consolidated its control over the eastern Mediterranean coast, Sparta was elevated as the rightful enforcer of the treaty and protector of the peace, and Athens was once again recognized as a powerful city. The causes of the Corinthian War lie in the policies pursued by Sparta after its victory in 404. The Phocians in turn sent for help from their ally Sparta. … (394 bc), battle in the Corinthian War (395–387 bc) in which a coalition of Greek city-states sought to destroy the ascendancy of Sparta after its victory in the Peloponnesian War. The premise that started the Corinthian War was a plan crafted by Ismenias. The Phocians and the Locrians shared an area of land. Colony that paid tribute to Athens. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? It was fought in ancient Greece and involved the city states if Argos, Corinth, Athens, Thebes and Sparta.The undercurrent cause of the Corinthian war was a combination of the Spartan interference in Boeotian affairs. Study.com has thousands of articles about every In the 5th century BCE, Athens united the city-states in order to fight Persian invasions and ended up creating an Athenian empire. What was backed by Persia, Argos or the Corinthian War? In 431 BC, one of the factors leading to the Peloponnesian War was the dispute between Corinth and Athens over the Corinthian colony of Corcyra (Corfu), which probably stemmed … The Corinthian War that was fought in 395-387BCE. 6 I. The War. Additionally, Persia gained control over Asia Minor, and most importantly, Persia threatened to treat any Greek city-state that did not agree to the truce as an enemy. Athens' growing power was challenged by the Greek city-state of Sparta, starting the Peloponnesian War. Potidaea Corinthian. Despite early victories for both sides, the Spartan military started gaining advantage. Ismenias was a Theban politician during the 4th century BC, who was the leader of a anti-Spartan party. | A Guide to Summative Assessment, UExcel Principles of Management: Study Guide & Test Prep, Writing Review for Teachers: Study Guide & Help, Computing for Teachers: Professional Development, CSET Social Science Subtest I (114): Practice & Study Guide, Organizational Change and Behavior: Lesson Plans, PSAT Prep - About the Test: Tutoring Solution, Quiz & Worksheet - The Things They Carried Synopsis & Themes, Quiz & Worksheet - Pros & Cons of Types of Loans, Quiz & Worksheet - The African Transition Zone, Quiz & Worksheet - Major Job Attitudes in Business, Quiz & Worksheet - Puffery in Advertising, The Moustache by Robert Cormier Symbolism, Getting Started with Study.com's College Courses: Student Tour, Study.com's Top Online Business Communication Training Courses, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Create an account to start this course today. Ismenias was a Theban politician during the 4th century BC, who was the leader of a anti-Spartan party. The Corinthians were already angry at the Athenians for having supported the city-state of Corcyra 9 in its earlier quarrel with Corinth and securing an alliance with Corcyra and its formidable navy. All rights reserved. Spartan arrogance in the aftermath of that victory helped to pave the way for the Corinthian War, in which her former allies sided against her. Ismenias convinced the Locrians to to invade the Phocians over a small tax dispute. Aegina saw prolonged fighting in 390-388 BC, which caused some problems for the Athenians, before the war was ended by the King's Peace. In 392 the Spartans and some Corinthian allies captured the port of Lechaeum, but two years later the area of Leuchaeum was the site of a rare defeat for their hoplites, at the hands of lighter troops. “forbade the Boeotian to make against the Phocians and commanded them that, if they thought themselves aggrieved in any respect to bring a case against the Phocians before the Spartan Allies”(Hell. 23 chapters | Despite the collaborative nature of the victory, Sparta alone received the plunder taken from the defeated states and the tribute payments from the former Athenian … Is a Master's Degree in Biology Worth It? Is a Master's Degree in Criminal Justice Worth It? The Corinthian War was the product of a century of fighting between Greek city-states. The cities of ancient Greece were far from unified, and they often fought. Nevertheless, the mythical founder of the city was believed to have been King Sisyphus, famed for his punishment in Hades where he was made to forever roll a large boulder up a hill. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. 3 S. Perlman, "The Causes and Outbreak of the Corinthian War," CQ 58 (1964) pp. ), Corinth had joined Argos, Boeotia, and Athens against Sparta. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. The details of Ismenias’ plan are limited or are lost. The deeper cause was hostility towards Sparta, provoked by that city's "expansionism in Asia Minor, central and northern Greece and even the west". The anonymous author of the Hellenica Oxyrhynchia applied the Thucydides' method to the analysis of the causes of the Corinthian War, so the Persian gold distributed by Timocrates the Rhodian (aitia) was only the catalyst of the opposition to the Lacedaimonian imperialism on the part of some Greek states economically exhausted (alethestate prophasis). Get access risk-free for 30 days, The treaty called King’s Peace which was signed in 387 BC, ending the Corinthian War. Corinthian War (395 B.C.–86 B.C. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. These city-states sometimes worked together, but often fought each other as well. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. In fact, the winning side was the old combination that had proved victorious in the Peloponnesian War. In this lesson, we're going to explore one major conflict called the Corinthian War, and see how it changed life in the Aegean. These two powers went to war, bringing Thebes into the conflict first and then Sparta. The immediate cause of the war was a local conflict in northwest Greece in which both Thebes and Sparta intervened. | 22 What we call ancient Greece was really a collection of independent regions known as city-states, each with its own unique identity. Known as the King's Peace, the decree ended the Corinthian War. The Locrians sent to the state of Boeotia for aid, Boeotia being an ally sent help. The Greek city-states of Thebes and Corinth became quickly alarmed at the Spartan conquests, and after receiving Persian ambassadors who shared this concern, decided that it was time for another war. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states; Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos; which were initially backed by Persia. The ancient Greeks laid foundations for Western philosophy, art, and government, but there's one big problem with talking about them this way. This drove the two cities to side with Athens , a city that was once the enemy of both. In 431 BC, one of the factors leading to the Peloponnesian War was the dispute between Corinth and Athens over the Corinthian colony of Corcyra (Corfu), which probably stemmed … The immediate cause of the war was a local conflict in northwest Greece in which Thebes and Sparta intervened. With Sparta's navy damaged but its mainland army still strong, Persian generals headed to Greece. Abstract. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? So, the Thebans encouraged one of their smaller allies to make a claim over territory they disputed with one of Sparta's allies. Corinthian War (395 BC–86 BC), armed conflict between Corinth, Argos, Thebes, and Athens on one side and Sparta on the other. The Corinthian war against the Corcycraeans was the first recorded naval war in history. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. They demanded action. 64-81. Quiz & Worksheet - Corinthian War Summary, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Battle of Chaeronea: Facts & Significance, HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus, Biological and Biomedical Amongst the most influential people in Sparta were Lysander, the adm… At first the anti-Spartan coalition was financed by Persia, which was at war with Sparta from 399. The aftermath redefined Greek relations, but as it turned out, the Corinthian War was one of the last major conflicts the Greek city-states would fight against each other. opposition to Sparta in Greece and was the main cause in precipitating the outbreak of the war. Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. They helped because they know the Thebans will help the Locrians. It was aggressive actions of Corinth against Megara that led to the Peloponnesian War. Under King Agesilaus and commander Lysander, Sparta's power grew enough that Thebes began to worry that a new empire was forming. 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