If your filter isn’t powerful enough, add air stones to increase the current within your aquarium. Tank Size: 52 gallons. 1. Adult Common Plecos need a tank size of 75 to 80 gallons at the very minimum. As they get larger, however, man… In addition to snacking on algae, plecos WILL pick up scraps and debris from the substrate. When they are small, most Plecostomus are peaceful and non-aggressive. As they grow, your small tank will not be enough for them. The typical 55-gallon aquarium isn’t going to get close to doing the job. Aquarium Setup. Most likely the 50 cm was based on erroneous synonyms. Plecos, whether purchased from a breeder or wild-caught, prefer the tropical lifestyle. Country: Australia. The actual species, plecostomus, can reach an excess of 2 feet in length. Scientists and breeders designate the types with designations of “L” or “LDA” followed by numbers to differentiate the various colors and patterns available – with new varieties appearing every day. Plecos can easily live for 10 or more years, so plan for the long-term. Bristlenose plecostomus (Ancistrus spp. (They don’t mean to suction them up, but accidents happen). For the smaller types of plecos, you CAN keep them together. And while it’s true these suckermouth catfish cruise the tank in search of algae and other debris, they’re omnivores and need a carefully balanced diet to stay healthy. You need high-protein infusoria, micro worms, brine shrimp, and sinking tablets prepped and ready to go. If you haven’t planned ahead with your aquarium size, they’ll quickly eclipse the space. Comes from a wide range of water types and is extremely adaptable. The tank size is the most significant limiting factor when it comes to these suckermouth catfish. After all, that slime obscures their vision. Some captive plecos grow to more than two feet in length and deserve a spacious aquarium. Heater (if needed to maintain a stable temperature). Tank Size. What Size Tank Do Plecostomus Need? References Aquaculture Aquaculture profile Strains Genetics Hypostomus Plecostomus will quickly eat any small fish available in the tank. Attractively spotted over the entire body and fins, with a prominent dorsal fin, this fish is often photographed out of the water, being held by its snout between thumb and fingers. Raw vegetables should be anchored near the bottom of the aquarium. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Hypostomus plecostomus look simple enough to manage when presented as juveniles in the pet store. There is a membrane on the eyes, it is like a microscope or photo camera diaphragm – it allows to control the light level that gets into the eye: during the day it covers almost the whole eye and at night it gradually opens. Minimum Tank Size: 80 … Common Names: Common pleco, janitor fish, pleco, plecostomus, sea hasar, spotted pleco, suckermouth catfish, etc. That means keeping them as comfortable as possible. They won’t tolerate temperatures below 74°F (23°C). The unique appearance of these suckermouth catfish appeals to many aquarists. Their dorsal fin extends high along their back, creating a “sail” appearance. You need to take a few precautions, but they play well with others (for the most part). Select the fish based upon its adult size. Since a few years I keep two of them in a 500l tank and those have only reached a bit more than 20 cm SL. This can lead to aggression issues – not to mention an uncomfortable fish. Separating ill plecos requires gentle handling, especially if they’re having trouble seeing. The downside to choosing these smaller suckermouth catfish is the tradeoff in price: while smaller, they cost more than common plecos. Make the selection based on the habitat needs of the fish. Most plecos, like the larger Hypostomus species, have 8 or fewer rays however, the Rhiono Pleco and all Pterygoplichtys species have more than 10.. Rhino Plecos have two horn like protrusions emanating from their large nostrils which are actually nasal flaps, and alligator like … And they are – until they reach adult size. ): 25 gallons; Gold Nugget Plecostomus (Baryancistrus sp. It’s a sign your pleco’s starving, though, which is a different problem. This species was originally described as Acipenser. The fish’s territoriality generally The type you select determines your tank size (which represents the greatest challenge). Bristlenose, rubber-lip, and clown plecos stay a much more manageable size: about 4-6 inches (10-15 cm). Plecos can be brown and/or gray in color, often with sandy-colored patterns or spots. You may glimpse your pleco adhered to the side of a tank mate, particularly flat or round-bodied fish, such as goldfish. Not to mention that handy habit of clearing out algae. Almost all plecos for sale in pet shops are juveniles. Plecostomus catfish belong to the Loricariidae family. Unless you have bristlenose plecos, trying to tell males from females gets difficult. Plecostomus top the popularity list when it comes to catfish. Here is a summary of the minimum tank requirements for the most common pleco … Pet stores like to advertise plecostomus as “algae-eaters”. They require a separate breeding tank, and you’ll need infusoria and other fry foods on-hand to keep the hatched young supplied. Most aquarists DON’T succeed in getting their plecos to spawn. This isn’t aggression; your pleco’s using that suckermouth to scrape the slime coat off the fish. A lair—driftwood, stone cave, PVC pipe, etc.—will be used as a daytime resting spot. No tank provides enough algae to sustain an adult pleco. Protein Skimmer: Ultimate Buying Guide plus 11 Reviews. The name Plecostomus is typically used to describe the species Hypostomus plecostomus– this fish is also known as the Common Pleco or the suckermouth catfish. You won’t see plecos shoaling together (assuming you have enough aquarium space for a pair or more). Plecostomus have a contractable membrane over their eyes that allows them to control the amount of light that enters their eye. in their native range in South America (Nomura and Mueller, 1980; Mazzoni and Caramaschi, 1995). When viewed from above, males tend to be thinner. They ARE dimorphic fish, but the differences aren’t the easiest to pick out in other types, particularly outside of the spawning season. Sailfin plecostomus split the difference between common and smaller species, topping out around 12 inches (31 cm). As for other popular species here are their minimum tank sizes: Bristlenose Plecostomus (Ancistrus sp. Due to the large number of species, many similar and many undescribed, identification of loricariids is always a problem, and various other species are also sold as common plecos, especially other Hypostomus and fish in the genus Pterygoplichthys. They attach themselves to rocks and submerged tree branches, filtering nutrients from the water. Hypostomus plecostomus, also known as the suckermouth catfish or the common pleco, is a tropical fish belonging to the armored catfish family (Loricariidae), named for the armor-like longitudinal rows of scutes that cover the upper parts of the head and body (the lower surface of head and abdomen is naked). The fish’s territoriality generally, Feeding: Ominvorous. That simple evolutionary trait adapts them to a wide range of water conditions. Approximate Purchase Size: Small: 2" to 2-1/2"; Medium: 3" to 3-1/2"; Large: 3-1/2" to 4-1/2" Just make sure you prepare for the adult length of your chosen pleco species. The males of this species sport long, bristling whiskers that are absent in the female. However, the common pleco should probably start in a 75-gallon tank and eventually move up to 180 or even 500 gallons. The common Pleco, it requires a huge tank. Its lifespan is about 12-15 years. Description. Plecos have an aggressive streak that gets worse as the fish ages. They have been known to drain earthen ponds with their excavations. They prefer fast-moving rivers and streams where that suckermouth adaptation comes in handy. A minimum of 50 gallons is recommended, however, this will be inadequate once the Pleco grows. Tank Setup: At almost 2 feet long, this fish requires a very large tank. Freshwater Tropical Fish Articles | TFH Magazine, Synodontis petricola Care | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine, My Adventures Raising Stick Catfish | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine. For other species, you’ll need to view A LOT of plecos to get good at telling the guys from the gals. That means a pH between 5.5-7.0 and a water hardness around 3-10 dH. Other species sport cheek spines they use for combat battles during spawning season. Bristlenose pleco work well for aquarists that don’t want to manage a giant aquarium. Unlike the widely-seen Common Pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus) and Trinidad Pleco (Hypostomus punctatus), which easily reach a monstrous size of 18 to 20+ inches (45 to 51+ cm), the Belo Monte Pleco grows to a size of only 5.5 inches (14 cm). Different types of plecos have different space needs, though. See more ideas about plecostomus, freshwater fish, aquarium fish. The plecostomus, or pleco, is a species of catfish that many have in their homes. Also may be seen with one of its Spanish names: cacucho, coroncoro, corroncho, or cucha, Range: South America: Guianan coastal drainages, Taxonomic Troubles: As is common with loricariids, there is a considerable tangling of taxonomy in this fish’s history in the hobby, not to mention the many other species that have been imported and thought to be this fish. If you have plenty of space in your home and money to burn, you CAN keep more than one. So while it’s important to keep those woody hideaways, you also need them as a source of roughage. It’s not an impossible undertaking, but prepare yourself in case the attempt fails. Fishtankadvisor.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Rhino Plecos can be identified by the number of rays they have in their dorsal fins. While plecostomus gain some aggressive habits the larger and older they get, they have an underlying temperament that works well in community aquariums. You’ll want to have a higher ratio of females to males to limit some of the aggression, though. It’s a handy adaptation for nocturnal fish. Common plecos show up in pet stores as juveniles about 3 inches (7.6 cm) long. This is the catfish most commonly used for getting rid of problem algae in the aquarium. These are small fish and don’t do a ton of swimming around, so you won’t need to get a massive tank in order to make them comfortable. Zebra plecostomus live up to their name: they have horizontal black and white stripes on their heads, shifting to vertical stripes along their bodies. The Plecostomus is a fast growing fish and will quickly outgrow any small tank. The Pleco or Plecostomus Hypostomus plecostomus is a fish that just about everyone is familiar with. They appreciate good hiding areas, and logs and rockwork make good hiding areas. Plump them up with a diet of live and frozen foods over several weeks – this stimulates the spawning instinct. Hypostomus plecostomus (Linnaeus, 1758) Suckermouth catfish Upload your photos and videos ... Age/Size Growth Length-weight Length-length Length-frequencies Morphometrics Morphology Larvae Larval dynamics Recruitment Abundance. Have you noticed it munching on the driftwood? Here’s a quick shopping list of the supplies you’ll need to set-up the ultimate rubber lipped pleco tank! You can’t go any smaller than 100 gallons (379 l). They’ll each set up their own little space and expect the other to respect the borders. Plenty of plecos have carnivorous tendencies (do your research). They don’t get very long – about 3.5 inches (9 cm) – so you can get away with a smaller tank size. They have symbiotic bacteria in their GI tract that allows them to digest the lignin in the wood. These easy-going bottom-dwellers add a touch of whimsy to your tank – so long as you prepare for that aquarium size. The type of pleco you bring home determines the tank size you’ll need to have on-hand. Four rows of large, bony plates protect against potential predators, leaving their bellies soft and exposed. Hypostomus Plecostomus / various Origin: South America Care Level: Easy Temperament: Peaceful Maximum Size: 24" Minimum Tank Size: 150 Gallons Diet: Algae, sinking pellets, algae wafers, veggies Tank Mates: Peaceful community fish Having a quality heater in your aquarium, such as an Aqueon Aquarium Heater, will keep that temperature at the perfect 74-80°F (23-27°C) range. They routinely grow to a foot or more in captivity. For instance, two common plecos require a 300-gallon (1136 l) tank. Plecos have a nocturnal existence, spending the majority of the daylight hours hiding. If you have ornaments in the aquarium you will find the fish will attach itself to them in all different hanging positions. Remember, these suckermouths enjoy a strong flow through the tank. The recommended tank size for clown plecos is 20 gallons at minimum. Let us know your stories and questions here! Aquarists bring them home, thinking the little pleco will fit into their community tank without a problem. Don’t neglect the water current, either. Breeding: Not usually spawned in aquaria, but it is produced in quantity in ponds, both in Southeast Asia and in Florida. 2. Zebra plecostomus (Hypancistrus zebra), 5. These fish will grow to the size of the tank and if bought young are suitable for tanks of about 10 gallons in size. And, of course, who doesn’t love fresh fruits and vegetables? Common Plecos are 2-4 inches long when they are young, and soon they’ll grow up to the size of 10-15 inches. Odds are, your pleco will spend most of the daylight hours hiding out in the décor. If you don’t address the water conditions, the slime can progress to cover their entire bodies. Size at maturity of H. plecostomus is comparable with other Hypostomus sp. These unique catfish aid aquarists with algae control in their aquariums. Sold by the thousands as babies to unwitting aquarists for algae control in small community tanks, the fish that survive grow into plant-shredding, tankmate-harassing tankbusters, literally—large specimens sometimes dash into the aquarium glass when startled, cracking it. For example, the common pleco, Hypostomus plecostomus, can grow to over 12” and will eventually need an aquarium of at least 75 gallons, while Otocinclus will be perfectly content in a 10-gallon tank. Due to the amount of space the common pleco requires, it’s best to stick to just ONE pleco per tank. Poor water quality allows a greyish-white slime to coat the eyes of your plecos. Don’t skimp on the protein aspects of the diet, either. However, they also ADD to that waste. Tank Setup: At almost 2 feet long, this fish requires a very large tank. The body is elongated and covered with 4 rows of bone plates. And then their pleco grows – and grows – and GROWS. They top around 3.5 inches (9 cm) as adults. Those waters are soft and acidic. Difficulty: A tough-as-nails species. This makes the fish appear larger, and it also allows them to wedge tighter into their chosen hiding place. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Size: 15 inches (38 cm) Common Name: Sailfin Pleco. Should receive mostly plant material. If you don’t see a happy, rounded belly (or you notice your pleco hanging from another fish), you need to provide an algae supplement to round things out: Plecostomus have long intestines, allowing them to process fibrous materials. Fish Scientific Name: Hypostomus Plecostomus. Remember to always ask a veterinarian for help regarding all of your pets. There are more than 150 different Hypostomus species, however, many of which are also referred to as Plecostomus or Plecos. The Suckermouth Catfish is an ornamental captive-bred color variety of the Common Pleco, Hypostomus plecostomus, a popular bottom-dwelling member of the armor-plated catfish group known as Loricariids. The typical 55-gallon aquarium isn’t going to get close to doing the job. Supplement with raw zucchini or cucumbers as a treat once or twice a week. (Make sure they have plenty of room). When it comes to cichlids, discus and freshwater angelfish don’t work well with plecos. If you need one more for the data base: Hypostomus plecostomus … The common plecostomus – or “pleco” as most people refer to them – represents the most popular addition to community aquariums. Whenever a pleco senses a potential threat, they swing the spines forward. However, to help your fish reach its full size and potential you’ll need at least 150 gallons! While on the small side, they also happen to be one of the most expensive types of pleco on the market. Usually a specimen is seen hiding in a dark corner, fins clamped, appearing a dusky brown, or else zipping across the tank and disappearing under cover. These species sport “tentacles” around the head and come in various colors and patterns, including albino. They are found throughout South America, and have in recent years been reported as an invasive species in several countries, most notably in the several southern United States. That assumes, of course, that you provide the proper tank size and quality water conditions. While often sold as algae-eaters, plecostomus enjoy snacking on aquarium plant life. Common plecos top out at 24 inches (61 cm) before they finish growing! See more ideas about plecostomus, pleco fish, aquarium fish. Make sure to provide sufficient foods, even if it requires target feeding or feeding after lig. You should try to replicate the environment as closely as possible. May 29, 2020 - Explore Katie Buscher's board "Plecostomus", followed by 173 people on Pinterest. Nocturnal, territorial, and huge, this fish is ill suited to most aquaria. Sailfin Pleco. Good thing there are over 500 varieties of plecos to choose from. You’ll need at least 150 gallons tank when they reach maturity. And make sure you have enough hiding places for everyone to get their own cave.