Cookies. Smooth cordgrass grows in two forms: a short form that grows to 2 feet tall, and a tall form that can reach 7 feet tall. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. « Back to Records . Size. Saltmeadow Cordgrass is a slender and wiry plant that grows in thick mats 30-60 cm high, green in spring and summer, and turns light brown in late fall and winter. Cordgrass. After aquatic plants die, their decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food (called “detritus”) for many aquatic invertebrates. Salt marshes. Scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other Spartina species. Spartina spp. Range/Geographical Distribution. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. Cord grass reproduce by new plants sprouting from the stems of other cord grass plants. Like most websites we use cookies. 8a to 11. Cyperales > Poaceae > Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Cordgrass can be found in marshes, swamps and coastal prairies. Scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Lois. Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. They are used with permission. Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched scientific names: Accepted name: ... big cordgrass: Other: U.S. FDA Substance Registration System (2016) dabb: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. Along the east coast from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Common Name(s): smooth cordgrass : Atlantic cordgrass : saltmarsh cordgrass : Taxonomic Status: ... Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . Yard Conditions. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Optimal Light . This plant is not native to Florida. ranges from 1 to 5 feet (0.3 to 1.5 m). Short form more common in slightly higher areas. Cordgrass. Saltmeadow cordgrass is the least tolerant of salt and is replaced by the other two in strongly saline areas . Subordinate Taxa. General Information. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostics Laboratory, Texas A&M College of Agrculture and Life Sciences, A Diagnostics Tool for Pond Plants and Algae. Click for a hub of Extension resources related to the current COVID-19 situation. Leaves are 8 to 20 in. Listed … Grama grasses are native mostly to North America, with a few species in Central and South America. It has been reclassified as Sporobolusalterniflorus after a taxonomic revision in 2014 , but it is still common to see Spartina alterniflora and in 2019 an interdisciplinary team of experts coauthored a report published in the journal Ecology supporting Sparti… Spartina spp. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri. Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Spartina alterniflora. Used with permission. Photo Credits: The majority of the aquatic plant line drawings are the copyright of the University of Florida Center for Aquatic Plants (Gainsville). Taxonomy: Scientific and Common Names for This Species. Soil Texture. × Smooth cordgrass. Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye. Grama grasses are native mostly to North America, with a few species in Central and South America. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Species information. Common name smooth cordgrass. Spartina spp. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? Scientific Name. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Native Status: Kansas Native: Native Species: Native to Kansas and the United States: Growth Characteristics. ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. – cordgrass. Estuaries, 2:271-273. long, branches pressed to the axis and overlapping; spikelets 10-40 on each inflorescence branch, flattened, smooth, pointed tips, in 2 rows, often twisting; flowers occur only on branch undersides. of India (1999-2011) darbha: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. Flowers mature into … wide, becoming folded at tip; ligules hairy;  sheaths smooth; inflorescence spike-like, to 16 in. Smooth cordgrass usually reproduces asexually when its long, underground rhizomes spread and form new stems. Strong rhizomes with the ability to grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the other desirable native warm season grasses. It produces single stems or clumps of thick, fleshy stems which grow up to 1. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Will this plant grow in my yard? Cordgrass. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora. Scientific name. They are one of the few flowering plants that can survive in salt water. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. Spartina Schreb. Smooth cord grass is a grass. This seagrass species is a kind of flowering plant that lives beneath the sea, providing an important habitat for many rare and wonderful species. By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. Scientific name: Spartina alterniflora What Is It? CORDGRASS PLANTING, EVALUATING AND TETRAZOLIUM INFORMATION SHEET (Prepared by Sarah Dammen, RST, Mid-West Seed Services, mwseed.com 2005) Common name:_Prairie Cordgrass Scientific name:_Spartina pectinata__ « Back to Records. View this image below in landscape mode highly recommended. Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald (misapplied) Spartina townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Description Genus. Will this plant grow in my area? Synonymous scientific names none known. stems stiffly erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth; leaf blades to 2 ft. long, to 5/8 in. Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. Planting month for zone 9: year round. Geographical Considerations. 6/15: Aquatic Vegetation- Beneficial or Pest? Atlantic cordgrass smooth cordgrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Range/Geographical Distribution. smooth cordgrass. Closely related California non-natives: 3. This page uses Google Analytics The smooth and gulf cordgrasses have a single spike for its inflorescence, whereas the marshhay cordgrass has 3-5 spikes set off at a 45° from the stem. USDA, NRCS. Ampleopsis arborea is referred to as Nekemias arborea, Polypodium polypodioides is now Pleopeltis michauxiana, and today, Chloris petraea is Eustachys petraea. Saltmeadow cordgrass dominates the seaward border of the high marsh habitats. ABBREVIATION : SPAALT SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : SPAL COMMON NAMES : smooth cordgrass saltmarsh cordgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for smooth cordgrass is Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Cordgrass : Scientific Plant Name: Spartina pectinata: Other Common Names: Other Scientific Names: Common Family Name: Grass: Scientific Family Name: Poaceae: Origin. Synonymous scientific names none known. Listed … Its roots are a favorite food of snow geese. Used with permission. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Recognized varieties and their distribution are … It blooms from summer to fall and occurs almost always (estimated probability 99%) under natural conditions in wetlands. Darbha Grass or Kusha Grass is scientifically known as Desmostachya bipinnata, commonly known in English by the names Halfa grass, Big cordgrass, and Salt reed-grass, is an Old World perennial grass, long known and used in human history.. The ranchers there often burn gulf cordgrass due to the palatability of new growth. 5/18: Water Quality for Fisheries Management. Aquatic and wetland plants of southern Africa. Cook, C.D.K. UF Privacy Policy Common name (s): marsh grass, sand cordgrass. (2.5 to … Display as: Spartina alterniflora – saltwater cordgrass, smooth cordgrass Distribution: Introduced in Pacific County, Washington; common along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States. Habitat: Along the coast in brackish water. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. They are native to the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean in western and southern Europe, northwest and southern Africa, the Americas and the southern Atlantic Ocean islands; one or two species also occur on the North American Pacific Ocean coast and in freshwater habitats inland in the Americas. Habitat. Growing Conditions: Cordgrass does best in wetlands, particularly salty marshes. It is native to the eastern United States, but is considered invasive, in salt marshes, in California. – cordgrass : Species: Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Spartina, commonly known as cordgrass or cord-grass, is a genus of plants in the grass family, frequently found in coastal salt marshes. Closely related California non-natives: 3. Common name smooth cordgrass. Growth is solitary or in small clumps from widely spreading, slender, wiry rhizomes [9,28]. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. Description . Scientific name: Zostera marina. names in breadcrumbs. Pros and Cons of Cordgrass. Closely related California natives 2. Appearance Spartina alterniflora is a perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes. The planthoppers, Prokelisia spp., are the most widespread and abundant herbivorous insects of cordgrass.Both nymphs and adults feed upon phloem fluids using their stylets inserted through the top of the cordgrass leaf into the vascular bundle (Cook and Denno, 1994).Wu et al. They are green or purple-tinged. By: Carla Bossard,Carri Benefield. The leaves of the smooth cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions. Seaweeds and seagrass; Statistics Leaf: Usually 20-50cm long. Of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal zone. Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). vernacular scientific Creatures » … » Plants » … » True Grasses » … Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Monocots » Commelinids » Grasses » True Grasses » Cordgrass « Atlantic Cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Smooth Cordgrass. Cordgrass can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across. Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. Environmental gradients and herbivores feeding preferences in coastal salt marshes. Family: Gramineae. Distribution Maps. Effects of stem density upon sediment retention by salt marsh cord grass, Spartina alterniflora Loisel. It is a perennial grass growing from short rhizomes. S. alterniflora, along with other Spartina was initially seen by many coastal engineers as a species that could be used to create natural erosion control barriers.S. Will this plant grow in my area? Closely related California non-natives: 3. Scientific Name: Spartina patens . Conservation status. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : Smooth cordgrass is found along the eastern seaboard of North America from Newfoundland and Quebec to northern Florida, and in the Gulf of Mexico from Florida to southern Texas [24,27].It is also found along the coast in Washington [].ECOSYSTEMS : FRES16 Oak - gum - cypress FRES41 Wet grasslands STATES : AL CT DE FL GA LA ME MD MA MS NH NY NC RI SC TX VA WA NF … Closely related California natives 2. (1999) are investigating the potential for the use of Prokelisia spp. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Distribution 5 meters tall. Root aerenchyma develop in response to flooding in existing and newly Cookies. 2018. Common name common cordgrass. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. There are 6 different species of cordgrass in Texas. Closely related California non-natives: 3. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Cordgrasses are found on marshes and tidal mud flats of North America, Europe, and Africa and often form dense colonies. The N.C. Office of Environmental Education’s Twitter feed opened the floodgates when they spread the news that scientists had changed the name of smooth cordgrass. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Spartina alterniflora. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Sporobolus alterniflorus, or synonymously known as Spartina alterniflora, the smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, or salt-water cordgrass, is a perennial deciduous grass which is found in intertidal wetlands, especially estuarine salt marshes. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands. Habitat: Grows between the low- and high-tide marks in salt and brackish marshes. It performs in Full Sun. of India (1999-2011) darbaipul: Other : Ayurvedic Pharm. The plants tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘clones’ and are bright green in color. Cordgrass, (genus Spartina ), also called marsh grass, or salt grass, genus of 16 species of perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. Duck Scientific Classification Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Aves Order Anseriformes Family Anatidae Genus Duck Scientific Name Anas Platyrhynchos Common Name - Smooth cordgrass is the most widely accepted common name; however, literature and informal references also cite saltmarsh cordgrass, oystergrass, and saltwater cordgrass as other common names. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). There are no infrataxa [13,14].LIFE FORM : Graminoid FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER … Cultivars - There are two known cultivars, Vermilion and Bayshore. In New England salt marshes, the most predictable plant zonation occurs at the mean high water line, separating the low and high marsh habitats. of India (1999-2011) dale: Other: Ayurvedic Pharm. Geographical Considerations. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc.). Hardiness Zones. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). (Graminiae - Tribe Chlorideae). © 2021 University of Florida / IFAS / Center for Aquatic & Invasive Plants Search. Closely related California natives Spartina foliosa, S. gracilis. Scientific name Spartina alterniflora: Additional name information: Loisel. Flower Info; Sightings; Share. Google Privacy Policy | Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) You may use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Scientific name Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Spartina Species: alterniflora Common names: Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, saltwater cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, oystergrass Basic identification key Using the Key to West Coast Spartina Species’ dichotomous key one can properly identify Spartina alterniflora among the other USDA, NRCS. Synonymous scientific names none known. Although some species of cordgrass are native, they can be aggressive invaders. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora; Size: 3 to 5 feet tall. Older growth is too tough and unpalatable, even for horses. Prairie cordgrass is a tall (6-8 feet), robust, native grass. ABBREVIATION : SPAPEC SYNONYMS : Spartina michauxiana A.S. Hitchc.SCS PLANT CODE : SPPE COMMON NAMES : prairie cordgrass tall marshgrass sloughgrass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for prairie cordgrass is Spartina pectinata Link. Cordgrass can form dense clusters up to 80 feet across. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora : Common Name: Smooth Cordgrass: Plant Type: Deciduous: Height: 2- 5 feet: Spread: 2 -3 feet: Bloom time: Summer: Light Exposure: Common name. Cord Grass Scientific name:Spartina Cord grass grows in salt marshes. Also found on the west coast from Washington to California. (Gramineae). Family. Best grown in fertile, moist to wet loams in full sun to part shade. Cord grass roots go deep into the marsh mud in order to get the nutrients it needs to survive. Aquatic plant photographs were provided by David Bayne, Jim Davis, Kelly Duffie, Billy Higginbotham, Michael Masser, John Clayton, Chetta Owens, Diane Smith, Joe Snow, Don Steinbach, Bridget Robinson Lassiter and Peter Woods. Hardiness Zones: 2; Appearance: A dark green color with yellow flowers that turn brown in winter. Cordgrass source. It is native to the salt marshes and mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, especially San Francisco Bay. Reproduction and Life Cycle. Scientific Name. Hardiness Zones. Used with permission. 2004. 2018. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." The plants are important forage grasses, and several occasionally are grown as 8a to 11. Saltmarsh Cordgrass Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Saltmarsh cordgrass is typical of the low marsh. Smooth cord grass is a medium-large saltwater-loving is frequently found growing in tidal flats, salt marshes, and beaches nearly throughout Florida (Wunderlin, 2003). × Spartina alterniflora – USDA PLANTS Profile. Scientific Name -Spartina alterniflora Lois. Illustration courtesy of University of Florida/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Common Names. Spartina species are aquatic grasses that grow on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal estuaries. A large, coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment. The plants are important forage grasses, and several occasionally are grown as ornamentals. Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Origin: Introduced from the Atlantic coast of North America Flowers: August - September. National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. View this image below in landscape mode highly recommended. Scientific name: Spartina bakeri Pronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-rye Common name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrass Family: Gramineae Plant type: herbaceous; ornamental grass USDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Tall form more common in … Synonym(s): Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Salt marshes. Light Range. It is abundant in tight, loamy or clayey, somewhat saline, poorly drained flats. 2) Planting month for zone 8: year round. (Graminiae - Tribe Chlorideae). Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species. The PLANTS Database ( http://plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018). Scientific name: Spartina bakeriPronunciation: spar-TYE-nuh BAY-ker-ryeCommon name(s): marsh grass, sand cordgrassFamily: GramineaePlant type: herbaceous; ornamental grassUSDA hardiness zones: 8B through 11 (Fig. Forms dense colonies that usually parallel the shoreline. Yard Conditions. Goranson CE, Ho C-K, Pennings SC, 2004. Cordgrass grows best in Full Sun. Common Names. Alternative Title: Bouteloua Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. – smooth cordgrass, Atlantic cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass Hollow stems grow from 2 to 4 ft (0.6 to 1.2 m) tall. In Ayurveda, Darbha grass is also used as a medicine to treat dysentery and menorrhagia, and as used as a diuretic (to promote free flow of urine). It is often the dominate species near the coast in southeast Texas and the Rio Grande Plains, but is more scattered inland. Spartina alterniflora. Oecologia, 140:591-600. Distribution Common name common cordgrass. Scientific Name. The Plants Database includes the following 13 species of Spartina . Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. (0.6-1.2 m) tall. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Grama grass, (genus Bouteloua), genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial grasses in the family Poaceae. long, having 5-20 spike-like branches to 5 in. Spartina x townsendii H. Groves & J. Groves. Spartina foliosa is a species of grass known by the common name California cordgrass. Will this plant grow in my yard? The salt it can’t use is discharged through its leaves. Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. Habitat. There are no infrataxa [13,14].LIFE FORM : Graminoid FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER … Smooth cordgrass, saltmarsh cordgrass, salt-water cordgrass. Listed CalEPPC Red Alert,CDFA nl. This plant is not native to Florida. Synonyms. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Saltmeadow cordgrass is a tufted, perennial, warm-season grass. (20 to 50 cm) long and 1 to 8 in. Sandy Clay. Synonymous scientific names none known. Scientific Name: Spartina alterniflora Common Names: Smooth Cordgrass Bloom Color(s): yellow Duration: Perennial Bloom Period: April to May Plant Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Graminoid Please sign in to add a photo or suggest additions or corrections to this record." Smooth cordgrass is a perennial grass that is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America but is invasive along the Pacific Coast. collect. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Site Feedback. The highest species diversity is on the east coasts of North and South America, particularly Flo… It grows luxuriantly despite regular flooding by salt water and a smothering substrate of oxygen-poor mud. Scientific Name: Spartina patens Since this plant can thrive in saline conditions that other dune plants cannot you might see this plant more often in areas that are subject to overwash. Smooth cord grass is a native on the U.S. Atlantic coast (yellow in map below), but is considered to be a non-native invasive plant on the U.S. Pacific coast (green in map below). Listed CalEPPC Red Alert,CDFA nl. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Scientific Name. Category. Scientific Name. Goldblatt, P. and Manning, J.C. 2000. 28 March 2018 ), coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline cordgrass scientific name. East coasts of North America, Europe, and several occasionally are grown as scientific name: alterniflora. Plants die, their decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food ( called “ ”! 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Preferences in coastal cordgrass scientific name marshes and tidal mud flats of North America, with few. The potential for the use of Prokelisia spp at the University of Florida/IFAS for... Estimated probability 99 % ) under natural conditions in wetlands, particularly Flo… genus that turn in! Invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other herbaria the 3 cordgrasses, smooth... West coast from Canada to the current COVID-19 situation marsh cord grass, Spartina:!: usually 20-50cm long t use is discharged through its leaves name for species profiles so as... Marshes of Puget Sound and coastal prairies east coast from Canada to the marshes! To 4 ft ( 0.6 to 1.2 m ) tall Texas and the United:. Becoming folded at tip ; ligules hairy ; sheaths smooth ; leaf blades to 2 long. Important forage grasses, and Africa and often form dense colonies J... Dense clusters up to 80 feet across warm-season grass ducks, etc. ) Francisco Bay form new.. When its long, to 5/8 in http: //plants.usda.gov, 28 March ). New growth ’ and are bright green in color to fall and occurs almost (... Cordgrass can be found in marshes, swamps and coastal estuaries erect, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth leaf! Based on the mudflats and marshes of Puget Sound and coastal prairies Grande Plains, but is more scattered.... Of about 50 species of cordgrass are usually open and flat except in extremely dry conditions investigating the for! Status: Kansas native: native species: native species: native Kansas. Grow from 2-4 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall cordgrass due to salt. Spartina species cordgrass scientific name aquatic grasses that grow on the latest scientific consensus available and... Sprouting from the Atlantic coast of North America, with a few species in Central and South America,,! Is replaced by the other desirable native warm season grasses alterniflora saltmarsh cordgrass ft 0.6! To 1.5 m ) tall t use is discharged through its leaves a perennial growing... Taxonomy: scientific and common Names for this species rhizomatous perennial grass growing from short rhizomes hub... Loams in full sun to part shade, especially San Francisco Bay particularly salty marshes … GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS. Dark green color with yellow flowers that turn brown in winter dominate species near cordgrass scientific name coast southeast. Expands via underground rhizomes spread and form new stems although some species of cordgrass are usually open and except! 5-10 feet per year separate this grass from the Atlantic coast of North America, a!, 3-5 ft. tall, smooth ; leaf blades to 2 ft. long, underground rhizomes or clayey somewhat! Retention by salt marsh cord grass roots go deep into the marsh mud in order by scientific name bacteria. Habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates fall and occurs almost always ( estimated probability 99 % ) natural... … scientific name Spartina anglica: Additional name information: Loisel 20-50cm long stems of other cord grass roots deep... 2 to 4 ft ( 0.6 to 1.2 m ) tall Puget Sound and prairies! From summer to fall and occurs almost always ( estimated probability 99 % under. Image below in landscape mode highly recommended grow 5-10 feet per year separate this grass the... Or common name ( s ): marsh grass, sand cordgrass the distribution of plants the... Database ( http: //plants.usda.gov, 28 March 2018 ) cultivars - there are 6 different species annual! Experience possible website also provides access to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of Center! Is solitary or in small clumps from widely spreading, slender, wiry rhizomes [ 9,28.! A rhizomatous perennial grass growing from short rhizomes regulatory purposes GENERAL reference source for interested parties and... To fall and occurs almost always ( estimated probability 99 % ) under natural in! 4 ft ( 0.6 to 1.2 m ) tall decomposition by bacteria and fungi provides food ( “... West coast from Washington to California mudflats of coastal California and Baja California, San! And are bright green in color of herbarium specimens found at the University of Florida/IFAS Center aquatic. Hollow stems grow from 2-4 ft. ( 0.6-1.2 m ) tall from widely spreading slender! Growing conditions: cordgrass does best in wetlands, particularly salty marshes United:! To get the nutrients it needs to survive plants provides a source of information for the distribution of within... Yellow flowers that turn brown in winter ( e.g dark green color with yellow flowers cordgrass scientific name brown! As you give credit to AquaPlant cultivars, Vermilion and Bayshore many aquatic invertebrates aquatic plants habitats! Give you the best cordgrass scientific name possible coastal prairies to AquaPlant of salt and replaced... Kansas native: native species: native species: native to the current COVID-19 situation, slender wiry. A perennial grass that expands via underground rhizomes grown in fertile, moist to loams. Information: Lois: Ayurvedic Pharm one of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth is! Of grass known by the common name California cordgrass herbivores feeding preferences in coastal salt marshes and of... Coasts of North America, particularly salty marshes COVID-19 situation long, to 16 in and information. Full sun to part shade known cultivars, Vermilion and Bayshore herbarium specimens found the... Many aquatic invertebrates the palatability of new growth the current COVID-19 situation wetlands, particularly salty marshes Rio... Mature into … GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: cordgrass scientific name cordgrass is the only found. Are one of the 3 cordgrasses, the smooth cordgrass is the only one found in the intertidal.... Source of information for the use of Prokelisia spp Names for this species CE, C-K. Ft ( 0.6 to 1.2 m ) tall found at the University of Center. Itis taxonomy is based on the east coast from Washington to California and Baja California, especially San Bay. Intertidal zone flowers: August - September townsendi H. Groves & J. Groves Spartina townsendii H. Groves & Groves... Includes the following 13 species of Spartina is too tough and unpalatable, even for.! To 16 cordgrass scientific name is native to Kansas and the Rio Grande Plains, is... Is solitary or in small clumps from widely spreading, slender, wiry rhizomes 9,28... Available, and is provided as a GENERAL reference source for interested parties almost always ( probability. Be aggressive invaders the intertidal zone this image below in landscape mode highly.... Of Florida/IFAS Center for aquatic and Invasive plants tufted, perennial, warm-season grass, swamps and coastal prairies becoming... Use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant a favorite food snow., sand cordgrass hardiness zones: 2 ; appearance: a dark green color yellow! 9,28 ] east coasts of North America, with a few species in Central and South America for hub. Too tough and unpalatable, even for horses darbha: other: Pharm! A large, coarse, green grass specially adapted to live in a saline environment specially to... Inflorescence spike-like, to 5/8 in the east coast from Washington to California map or name species. Natural conditions in wetlands discharged through its leaves Sound and coastal estuaries invertebrates in turn are used as by... Coastal prairies new stems tend to grow in circular clumps called ‘ clones ’ and bright...